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Monday, April 11, 2011

Silat Sendeng ( Malay Muay Thai )

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Silat Sendeng
Silat Sendeng

The same as grandmaster of Silat Seni Gayong, Dato' Meor Abdul Rahman,  grandmaster of Silat Sendeng, Long Mamat also the descendants Bungis. Originally from Sulawesi, the wanderlust of the Bugis ensured that they were well-travelled throughout Nusantara and beyond, bringing with them their knowledge, their culture, and their combat arts. In Malaysia, among the more popular and recognizable of these is Seni Silat Sendeng.

Silat Sendeng founded by Allahyarham Long Mamat and expanded by Allahyarham Haji Hamid bin Haji Hamzah, named this silat by Seni Silat Sendeng Muar. First center under Allahyarham Haji Hamid is born at Sungai Mati, Muar, Johor Darul Takzim. After Allahyarham Haji Hamid past away on 19 May 1990, his younger brother, Allahyarham Haji Ismail bin Haji Hamzah was choosen to lead Seni Silat Sendeng and replaced as ‘Guru Utama’ (Grandmaster). On 11 July 1992, Seni Silat Sendeng Muar was register by the name ‘Pertubuhan Seni Silat Sendeng Malaysia’ with combining 7 branch of country like Johor, Melaka, Pahang, Perak, Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan. Now, Pertubuhan Seni Silat Sendeng Malaysia has 42 training center in Malaysia and was born at lease 48 an expert instructor. Totally all members join or register to learn Seni Silat Sendeng is 2,240 members.


Who is Long Mamat

Long Mamat is a Bugis descent from Pontian, Johor. He has developed martial arts Sendeng in Muar at the end of the 19th century (1885-1910 s). Some have been told that, Long Mamat learned Sendeng  from four of his uncle on the ship. This story was submitted by Long's great-grandson of the late Haji Ismail Mamat.
There is also a story that says that, Long Mamat learn Sendeng from one of his uncle in Parit Raja, Muar. At that time, Long Mamat finished with 39 teachers studied martial arts and eventually he lost when he tried to test his uncle. This story is the story of an elderly man in the late Parit Bakar Hj Ismail.


Allahyarham Haji Abdul Hamid bin Haji Hamzah


Although the aliran (core family of arts) of Sendeng is present in many other areas, Johor has seen its highest concentration, with multiple variations due to the many masters who have inherited it. Among the more prominent masters, one eventually made Sendeng a respectable name in the high-profile world of Silat Melayu. His name is Haji Abdul Hamid bin Haji Hamzah. 

Haji Hamid Hamzah was the primary master who actively developed and spread the knowledge of Seni Silat Sendeng, which he inherited from his grand elders who were famed warriors in the early 20th century.

He began studying the arts since he was five years old (1932) under the tutelage of his own grandfather, Haji Hassan bin Mahat who was better known in his time as Haji Hassan Pendekar, a man skilled in the grace and play of weapons such as pedang (sword), keris, tekpi (sai), tumbuk lada, tembong (pole), tuas, tongkat (stick) and kerambit.

Ten years later, he studied from two other famous grand elders, Tamam Dagang (a pendekar known for his invincibility and strength) from whom he studied pukulan or buah sendeng and Haji Mohd Ariff bin Shamsu from whom he refined his knowledge of Pukulan Tujuh Hari.

Both of these elders studied from a famous pendekar, Long Mamat, the founder of Pukulan Sendeng, who resided at Padang in Muar, Johor Darul Takzim.

To deepen his religious and spiritual knowledge, he studied from Haji Mohd Salleh bin Abdul Karim, better known as Kiai Salleh or Panglima Salleh of Batu Pahat.

Initially, Haji Hamid Hamzah began spreading Sendeng individually in the 1950s but later renamed it as Silat Sendeng Muar. For 58 years of his life, he was dedicated to the development, spread and continuation of the art. On the 19th of May 1990, he passed away at the age of 63.

The passing of Haji Hamid Hamzah was a great loss to Sendeng as a whole. His struggle, his sacrifices and his services in the name of Seni Silat Sendeng was instrumental in spreading its wings to several states within Malaysia. Many difficult challenges were met with equal courage. His strength drove the effort and his death threatened to end it all.

But before the embers could grow cold, the torch was ably carried by his younger brother, Haji Ismail bin Haji Hamzah who took over the reigns as Guru Utama. As a sibling to the founder who was also raised in a family of warriors, the task to continue the tradition was in good hands.

Allahyarham Haji Ismail bin Haji Hamzah 

During Haji Ismail’s leadership, Seni Silat Sendeng was registered in 1992 and currently operates actively in Johor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Pahang, Perak, Kelantan and the Federal Territory of Labuan.

The name of the style carries inherent meanings and philosophies that are understood by those who study it. Simply, ‘Seni’ means the grace of a structured motion while performing a physical movement. ‘Silat’ is the physical agility of movement during defence or attack whether unarmed or with a weapon and ‘Sendeng’ is a combination of striking techniques and tactical evasions or attacking from a slanted position.

Physically, the slanted position during defence guards the seven critical organs of the body; face, jugular, chest, solar plexus, ribs, abdominal cavity and groin. Each of these primary targets is carefully shielded from the enemy. It also facilitates the pesilat’s forward or reverse motion, his evasions and parries.

Therefore, the ‘Sendeng’ position is a method that facilitates releasing, barring, facing and parrying any threats that approach the practitioner in line with the Sendeng philosophy that states “rush before his arrival and kill before he lives”.

Seni Silat Sendeng holds to the offensive defence strategy. In other words, a sendeng practitioner rarely awaits an incoming attack but for those who understand the concept, will preempt an attack and keep attacking. This is because the practitioner has mastered the ‘ibu gerak’ (source of movement) and ‘ibu pukul’ (source of striking). He knows how to ‘kill’ a movement and ‘kill’ a strike.

This is why, even when an opponent strives to attack first but his movement is intercepted and it is the sendeng practitioner that makes the strike. The interception continues with a barrage of strikes.

This comes from the idea that ‘the strike is the parry’. The strikes that are launched usually ride upon the strength, speed, emotion and momentum of the opponent.

The Sendeng philosophy of 'cepat datang cepat pula jatuh, besar yang datang besar perginya' roughly translates to the memorable ‘The bigger they are, the harder they fall’. Literally, it means ‘a speedy entrance ends with a speedy fall, a big entrance ends with a big exit. This philosophy provides the foundation for Sendeng’s ability to dispatch an enemy by using his strength and speed against him.

The Sendeng practitioner rarely allows himself to be touched by the opponent. However, in those rare cases, he provides an opportunity for the enemy to catch or lock him. This baited trap allows for a more powerful and devastating counterattack.

The Sendeng strikes are ‘one but feel like a thousand’

Seni Silat Sendeng teaches the usage of ten different weapons in its syllabus. Among them are the keris, parang (machete), pedang (sword), tekpi, perisai (shield).

Haji Ismail bin Haji Sa’din

After 10 years serve to PSSSM, Allahyarham was past away on 22 March 2002. Now, Haji Ismail bin Haji Sa’din be selected and agree by all senior members as the new ‘Guru Utama’ (Grandmaster) from 2002 until now.

AL-FATIHAH to all master because developed PSSSM until today - AMIN


Lesson Of Sendeng 

A General lesson of PSSSM has two characteristic, firstly is philosophy or words of silat and second is silat lesson. Philosophy or words of silat inside our silat is heritage from older master of silat. Words of silat, practitioner believe it is a highest level including teori and logic practical also have hiding meaning for every perform of silat movement.

Lesson of silat are separated in three part, basic level, middle level, skill and instructor level. In this level, it was separated in three core subject like seni (art), buang pukul and play silat weapon. Three of this lesson have a different style but still has same objective and angle because a practitioner must expert in three lesson if want to become as instructor or coach.

Silat Sendeng different in concepts, it not waiting any attacking besides that, it’s intercept attacking. In genuine, every attacking or striking was using following once philosophy ‘Sendeng punch cannot see or catch but if strike on target it will give damage to opponent’.

Silat Sendeng concept based on speed and powerful kicking or punch.


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3 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  2. Assalamualaikum, saya pelajar dari UiTM Shah Alam dalam jurusan seni lukis & seni reka, Untuk projek major, sy ingin mengkaji tentang silat sendeng. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mempromosi & menghebahkan seni silat trdisional ini kepada masyarakat luar agar seni silat ini lebih dikenali secara tidak langsung menarik minat mereka untuk mempelajari silat ini. Saya ingin memohon bantuan kepada siapa-siapa yg sudi untuk bekerjasama dengan saya. Kini saya berada di Shah Alam, dan saya tidak tahu ke mana ingin saya pergi untuk menjalankan kajian. Saya sangat mengharapkan bantuan daripada sesiapa sahaja dalam menyelesaikan projek mojor saya ini. Bantuan anda amat saya hargai.

    jika ada yg sudi membantu, sila email saya
    abdulhannanishak@yahoo.com

    atau

    facebook
    narutimatix@yahoo.com

    sekian, terima kasih..

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  3. Assalamualaikum,

    Saya ada kenal seorang Cikgu lama di Kelana Jaya..Beliau masih aktif mengajar Seni Silat Sendeng utnuk sekian waktu yang sangat lama di sekitar Lembah Klang ini. Pengalaman bertahun2 memasuki pertandingan Silat Olahraga dan juga antara pemenang tempat pertama dan kedua Sendeng Full Contact suatu ketika dahulu boleh membantu saudara untuk tujuan kajian. Namanya Cikgu Ridhuan Borhan tel 0162651512..

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