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Saturday, February 2, 2013

Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM)

Gayung Fatani
Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia

Seni Gayung Fatani is a style of silat from Malaysia. Because of its artistic appearance, it is often mistaken for a dance. The steps and hand movements all have combat applications and are meant to lock or disable the opponent. The current grandmaster is Guru Aminuddin bin Hj Anuar from the Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM).

 Guru Aminuddin bin Hj Anuar

In Malay, the word seni means art and gayung or is a word for martial arts synonymous with silat. Fatani means wise in Arabic and was chosen because of its similarity to Pattani, the kingdom from where the art originated.

The Origins of Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM)

The style of Pencak Silat Seni Gayung Fatani its origins in the island of Patani, a Malay ancient kingdom located in southern Thailand. It was first introduced to the Malay Peninsula (in Kedah) in 1840 Syeikh Abdul Rahman. The chart below explains clearly against the genealogy of Silat Patani since 1816.
Silat Fatani is indeed reputed to be the oldest style of Silat of the Malay Peninsula. It was then known under other names such as "Gayung Patani" or "Silat Pulut." The term "Fatani" was first used as the creation of Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM).

Among the five main schools of Silat in Malaysia, Fatani is today the most widely represented style. It is also a form of Silat most "artistic". Many people can smooth movements of Silat Fatani with dancing. This is why it is always difficult to give a clear answer to the question: "But it looks like exactly what this martial art? '

Until 2010, the Guru Utama (grand master) was Fatani Silat fire Tuan Haji Anuar Abdul Wahab. It will remain in the annals for giving official status in the eyes of the Malaysian state basing the Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia in 1976. He also created the Silat Olah Raga, shape Sports Silat.
He was instructed by Pak Andak Embong student of Pak Teh Mat Ali, himself a direct student of Syeikh Abdul Rahman.

Tok Ya Ramli

On the picture, we present the photography Tok Ya Ramli, a native of the island of Patani, a Guru Tua (literally "old master") of Silat Patani asking here proudly with his keris preferred. As we watch the family tree of Silat Fatani, it is one of five teachers to receive education traditional Silat directly from Patani Syeik Abdul Rahman. It is also he who was responsible for passing on his knowledge to the next generation, which was part Guru Tua Tn. Hj. Iman Mansor Ismail.

 Guru Tua Tn. Hj. Iman Mansor Ismail

This is one of the few pictures to give us a Guru Tua (Old Master) Patani school at the time. He was taken to Pendang, in the state of Kedah in 1976.

Later his son Tok Yah Ramli expanded this style. Another student from Syeikh Abd. Rahman was Pak Teh Mat Ali who taught this style to Pak Andak Embong.

Pak Andak Embong taught this style to Tuan Haji Anuar in 1965. Tuan Haji Anuar is the Guru Utama PSGFM (Grand Master). In 1974, Cikgu Abd. Rahman learnt this style from Tuan Haji Anuar. This style is considered a classic Silat in Malaysia, that still maintain its traditional lessons, besides adding modern system. This club was registered under the Goverment`s club act in 1976. This style is the combination of the art that consist of soft and meaningful movement together with traditional music besides the beladiri techniques against weapon.

 Allahyarham Tuan Haji Anuar Abd Wahab A.M.N
Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia (PSGFM)

In the 90s, the Silat Melayu was developed and promoted by the Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia by organizing competitions nationwide.

The silat movements

The silat movements are based on the movements of human beings according to their geometrical measurements. The curriculum also uses the basic traditional silat lessons such as the Bunga Sembah (basic movements) and Tapak Empat in order to produce seven lessons in silat which are the Bunga, Jurus, Belebat, Tapak, Buah Pukul, Tempur Seni and Tempur Bela Diri.

In Bunga, there are basic silat movements including the tujuh langkah (seven steps), tujuh kuda-kuda (seven stances) and tujuh limbai tangan (seven hand shape).

Gerak jurus is based on the movements of bunga sembah that creates seven defensive or offensive actions to be used on the target. Belebat creates movements or steps before bertempur (battle), and it stresses on methods of receiving an attack and to turn it back against the opponent, followed by another offensive move.

Tapak is the pattern of the movements of feet on the floor.

Tempur Silat can be categorized into two, Tempur seni (artistic battle) and tempur beladiri (combat battle). Tempur Seni builds up one’s silat skills by brushing up his or her skills in tapak empat, galah panjang and melilit. The three basic forms of attacks would be tikam (to stab), parang (to behead) and tetak (to chop). There are seven methods in receiving attacks, which are sekat, sentak, kedu, tindih, sisip, sagang and potong. The Simbo move acts as a signal to exchange attacks and paras acts as a signal to stop.

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